How do I ensure that my Playwright tests are reliable and maintainable when interacting with elements on a web page?


Interacting with Web Elements in Playwright

When testing with Playwright, you might encounter situations where the element you want to interact with isn't in view. Don't worry, Playwright has got you covered!

Scroll to View

Use the scrollIntoViewIfNeeded() method. This handy method scrolls to the element only if it's not already in view.

await page.locator('your-locator').scrollIntoViewIfNeeded();

Hover Over

Alternatively, you can use the hover() method. This moves the mouse over the element, triggering any necessary scrolling.

await page.locator('your-locator').hover();

Locator Selection

Choosing resilient locators is crucial. Opt for user-facing attributes like role and text. This ensures your tests continue working even if your page layout changes.

Generate Locators

Playwright's test generator is a lifesaver. Run npx playwright codegen https://ray.run/ to automatically generate locators for elements.


Use web-first assertions like toBeVisible(). These assertions wait until an expected condition is met, helping avoid flaky tests due to timing issues.

await expect(page.locator('your-locator')).toBeVisible();

By following these best practices, you'll ensure your Playwright tests are reliable and maintainable. Happy testing!

For more tips on efficient Playwright test scripts, check out this blog post.


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Rayrun is a community for QA engineers. I am constantly looking for new ways to add value to people learning Playwright and other browser automation frameworks. If you have feedback, email luc@ray.run.