First, set up Selenium Grid and ensure it works with Selenium WebDriver. If you're running a distributed Selenium Grid, register selenium nodes with an accessible address for Playwright to connect to the browsers.
Next, install and configure Java Development Kit (JDK) on your system.
Download the selenium-server JAR file for your desired version of Selenium Grid. Navigate to its location in the terminal and start a selenium node.
SE_NODE_GRID_URL="http://<selenium-hub-ip>:4444" java -jar selenium-server-<version>.jar node
Now, connect Playwright to Selenium Grid 4.
SELENIUM_REMOTE_URL=http://<selenium-hub-ip>:4444 npx playwright test
You can use your existing Java code and testing harness or
browserType.launch() as usual. If your grid requires additional capabilities, provide JSON-serialized capabilities by setting the SELENIUM_REMOTE_CAPABILITIES environment variable.
With this setup, Playwright will launch Google Chrome or Microsoft Edge browsers through the Selenium Grid Hub, so you can skip browser downloads.
For more details, check out Mastering Playwright Test Automation: Your Comprehensive Cheat Sheet.
If you still have questions, please ask a question and I will try to answer it.
Rayrun is a community for QA engineers. I am constantly looking for new ways to add value to people learning Playwright and other browser automation frameworks. If you have feedback, email email@example.com.