How do I use the '.evaluateHandle()' method in Playwright to return a DOM element instead of 'undefined'?


Returning DOM Elements with Playwright's .evaluate(..) Method

If you're trying to return a DOM element with Playwright's .evaluate(..) method and getting undefined, it's because the function is returning a non-serializable value. But don't worry, there's a way around this!

Use frame.evaluateHandle()

Instead of frame.evaluate(), use frame.evaluateHandle(). This method returns a JSHandle, which represents the DOM element you're targeting.

Here's how you can do it:

const handle = await frame.evaluateHandle(() => {
  const targetElement = document.querySelector('.target-element');
  return targetElement;

In this code, document.querySelector('.target-element') selects the DOM element you want. The function then returns this element as a JSHandle.

Interact with the JSHandle

Now that you have a JSHandle, you can interact with it. For example, you can click on it:

await handle.click();

And that's it! You're now returning and interacting with DOM elements using Playwright's .evaluate(..) method. Just remember to ensure your JavaScript code is executed in a way that syncs with page actions and asynchronous operations.

For more tips on efficient Playwright test scripts, check out this blog post.


Thank you!
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Rayrun is a community for QA engineers. I am constantly looking for new ways to add value to people learning Playwright and other browser automation frameworks. If you have feedback, email luc@ray.run.